All a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v x y z

Candidate List

Candidate List

The Candidate List is a list of substances of very high concern that are candidates to be added to Annex XVII of the REACH regulation.

Link to Candidate List Table (external website)

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is a non profit charity running the global disclosure system for investors, companies, cities, states and regions to manage their environmental impacts. CDP provides several tools for measuring environmental impacts and report them in a transparent way.

Read more about CDP (external link)

Child labour

Child labour

Child labour is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity and that is harmful to physical and mental development. The age of defining child labour is 15, and there is added regulations for hazardous work between 15-18 years of age.

Link to ILO's definition of Child Labour (external website)

Chromium

Chromium

Chromium (III) ions are not considered toxic but Chromium (VI) ions are toxic and carcinogenic. Chromium (VI) ions have been used for many years for surface treatment of steel products. Chromium (VI) is restricted under REACH for specific applications.

ECHA's list of restricted substances (external website) TEST (external link) TEST 2 (external link) Read about how we phased out Chromium VI

Circular Economy

Circular Economy

A circular economy (often called "circularity")is an economic system aimed at the reuse of resource and eliminating waste. The system include recycling, reuse, remanufacturing and refurbishment to create a closed system and minimising the use of virgin resources and creation of waste. Some of the relevant theoretical influences are cradle to cradle, looped economy, industrial ecology and biomimicry. The opposite is the linear economy, which consists of "take, make and dispose".

EU's definition of circular economy (external website)

Climate compensation

Climate compensation

Climate compensation is the last step when systematically reducing your climate effect. First step is to start measure your greenhouse gas emissions, secondly reduce the emissions as much as possible, then use renewable sources and last compensate the emissions that can not be avoided. The compensation is a financial investment in projects that reduces, avoid or remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. It is important to use a certified climate compensation program to assure trustworthy programs.

Climate gases or Greenhouse gases

Climate gases or Greenhouse gases

Climate gases or greenhouse gases (GHG), are gases that absorbs and emits radiant energy and are the gases that causes the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. Without greenhouse gases the average temperature of the earth should be around -18 C instead of the present 15 C. Since the industrial revolution human activities has significantly increased the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide which is the cause of the greenhouse effect with increased temperatures on our planet.

Climate neutral

Climate neutral

Climate neutral, or having net zero climate footprint, refers to achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions by balancing with carbon removal (often through carbon offsetting) or simply eliminating greenhouse emissions altogether.

Climate positive

Climate positive

Climate positive means that an activity goes beyond achieving net zero carbon emissions to actually create a benefit by removing additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Climate positive means the same as carbon negative.

Conflict Minerals

Conflict Minerals

Conflict Minerals are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting. The conflict minerals are (known as 3TGs): tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold. There are international efforts to reduce the trade in conflict resources. For example , in the United States, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act require manufacturers to audit their supply chains and report use of conflict minerals. On 1st January 2021 a new law, The conflict minerals regulation, with similar requirements as the Dodd-Frank act, will come into full force across the EU.

EU Conflict Minerals Regulation (external website)

Cradle to cradle

Cradle to cradle

Cradle to cradle is a circular approach to products and systems, opposite to "Cradle to grave" which symbolizes the linear system. Cradle to cradle is a holistic, economic, industrial and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free.

Critical raw materials, CRM

Critical raw materials, CRM

Raw material are crucial to EU's economy and form a strong industrial base, producing a broad range of goods and applications used in modern technologies. Reliable access to certain raw materials is a growing concern within the EU and across the globe. To address this challenge, the European Commission has created a list of "critical raw materials" (CRMs) for the EU. The list is updated on regular basis. The main parameters to determine the criticality of the material are economic importance and supply risk.

EU's definition of critical raw materials (external website)